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AASCIT Communications | Volume 4, Issue 3 | Aug. 30, 2017 online | Page:12-18
Amino Acids, Vitamins and Other Nutritional and Anti-nutritional Components of Cola lepidota (Monkey Kola)
The study examined, for the first time, amino acids and vitamins composition of the yellow aril, seed and fruit epicarp of Cola lepidota. The mineral elements, proximate and anti-nutritional factors were also determined using standard procedures. The total essential amino acids ranged from 20.91-33.77 g/100 g, predominated in leucine, valine, phenyl alanine and lysine. The fruit pulp and epicarp contained substantial amount of ascorbic acid (6.50 and 6.14 mg/100 g) and tocopherols (5.94 and 4.83 mg/100 g) respectively including B and K vitamins. Analysis revealed higher levels of Na, Ca, Mg, Zn, Cu and Mn in the fruit epicarp; iron and potassium in aril and seed respectively. The samples were enriched in proximate content and anti-nutritional factors (phytate, oxalates, cyanide and tannins) were below permissible limits. These findings indicate the rich nutritional potential of this tasty fruit and further processing into other value added products would encourage conservation, preservation and reversal of imminent extinction of this under-utilized Cola specie.
Imaobong I. Udousoro, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, University of Uyo, Uyo, Nigeria.
Emmanuel E. Essien, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, University of Uyo, Uyo, Nigeria.
Malvaceae, Monkey Kola, Cola lepidota, Amino Acids, Vitamins, Mineral Elements, Proximate Composition, Anti-nutrients
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Arcticle History
Submitted: Apr. 28, 2017
Accepted: Jun. 2, 2017
Published: Aug. 30, 2017
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